Rickets is a disease which mainly affected children and is very common in developing countries. It is scarce in modern countries. It is a disease of bone disorder in which bones reduce and become horizontal to crack and distortion. The most important reason for suffering from rickets is want for vitamin D and the insufficient calcium in food and drink. The nausea and diarrhoea may also be the reason. Moreover in infancy kidney and liver disorder, digestive complaint which disturbs calcium and phosphorus absorption may also the reasons.
Signs And Symptoms:-
Symptom is nothing but a patient’s reaction and reports. On the other hand sign is somewhat that the other people particularly a doctor can reveal.
Signs and symptoms of rickets may include:
- Baby is floppy
- Bone pain
- Bones break easily
- Costochondral swelling
- Low calcium blood levels (hypocalcaemia)
- Widening wrists
- Soft skull (craniotabes)
- The child’s physical growth (height, weight) may be affected
- Bone tenderness
- There may be spinal, pelvic or cranial deformities
- Older children may have knock knees (genu valgum)
Causes Of Rickets:-
Deficiency of vitamin D is the main reason of rickets. Human body requires vitamin D for absorbing calcium from the bowels. Ultraviolet light assists our skin cells to change vitamin D from an idle to dynamic state. In case we don’t have plenty vitamin D, calcium derived from foodstuff can’t be absorbed accurately, resulting hypocalcaemia (lower- than-normal blood calcium) to grow. Hypocalcaemia results in abnormality of bones and teeth, in addition to neuromuscular troubles.
Risk Factors For Rickets:-
Poverty – Possibly poor children suffer more in rickets.
Sunlight – Children who are not getting adequate sunlight are very much dependent on superb diet for getting sufficient vitamin D.
Malnutrition – The possibility of the disease is very much common in such areas of the world where people suffer from acute famine and hunger.