Kidney canceris found in men twice more than in women. Kidney cancer is mostly found in North Europe. Every year only in America more than 27,000 kidney cancer cases are detected among which roughly 11,000 end with death. People with kidney cancer live up to 50 to 60 years of age at an average. The survival chance of a kidney cancer patient depends on the time of diagnosis. In most of the cases this cancer is curable if detected at an early stage.
Causes of Kidney cancer –
The primary causes of kidney cancer are obesity, excessive cigarette smoking and kidney dialysis increase the risk of developing kidney cancer.
Symptoms of kidney cancer –
Like many other cancers kidney cancer does not show its existence at initial stage. But after being serious the first symptom that appears is coming of blood while urination. Other symptoms are fever, fatigue and weakness, anemia, unusual weight loss etc.
Diagnosis of kidney cancer –
The primary steps to diagnose kidney cancer are examining urine sample, chest x-ray and CT scan. If the CT scan can detect the tumor the next step is to attempt and operate the tumor surgically.
Complicated cases –
Sometimes serious patients of kidney cancer may also develop the following illnesses and complications –
- Brain metastasis
- Bone metastasis
- Elevated calcium level
- Spinal cord compression
- Paraneoplastic syndrome
Treatment for kidney cancer –
The most effective treatment for kidney cancer is surgery in early stage because at that time the cancer remains limited to a specific area of kidney. Other treatments for kidney cancer are
immunotherapy and radiation therapy in the case if the cancer is spread to bones. Some of the important drugs that are used in immunotherapy are –
- Interleukin 2
- Affinitor etc.