Hypoglycemia – Common Symptoms & Causes

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is a normally seeming trouble. In fact, a few or many of the indications may be there, it is seldom recognized or deep-rooted. The existence of predictable and exact hypoglycemia without diabetes medication must be assessed carefully by an endocrinologist. Frequently hypoglycemia disturbs those who are either infants or aged persons. But people of different age group may also suffer from this disease. Normally, hypoglycemia is classified as a serum glucose level (the quantity of glucose or sugar in blood) under 70 mg/dL.


Symptoms of Hypoglycemia:-

The general indications of hypoglycemia contain the following:

  • Moist skin
  • Anxiety
  • Hunger
  • Sweating
  • Palpitations (pounding or fast heart beats)
  • Irritability
  • Shaky

When the brain continues destitute of glucose, soon after the conditions follows:

  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Headache
  • Coma
  • Problems in thinking

Finally, after loss of perception or momentous coma, death may happen.


Causes of Hypoglycemia:-

Usual reasons of low blood sugar consist of the following:

  • Overmedication with antidiabetic tablets or insulin (viz. sulfonylurea drugs)
  • Use of medicines namely pentamidine, trimethoprim (Bactrim, Septra), beta blockers and sulfamethoxazole.
  • Use of alcohol
  • Missed meals
  • Reactive hypoglycemia is the effect of the late insulin release after a meal has been taken up and happens 4-6 hours after eating.
  • Acute infection
  • Cancer causing meagre oral eating or cancer connecting the liver
  • Adrenal deficiency
  • Kidney collapse
  • Liver failure
  • Inherited, genetic faults in the directive of insulin release (congenital hyperinsulinism)
  • Hereditary conditions connected with enlarged insulin release (birth trauma, major birth stress, rarer genetic conditions, infant born to a diabetic mother, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and reduced oxygen delivery during birth).
  • Insulin-producing tumor or insulinoma
  • Other tumors like mesothelioma, fibrosarcoma and hepatoma, which may create insulin-like factor.