High cholesterol or the hypercholesterolemia suggests the high levels of cholesterol in blood. Cholesterol is one of the fat molecules that are produced in almost all animal cells and is used to build up the cell membranes. The elevated levels of cholesterol in blood may lead to the abnormalities of the protein particles present in blood. These protein particles are the transporters of all the fat molecules to the bloodstreams. The abnormalities of these protein particles may, in turn, lead to develop unusual body fat, diabetes and thyroid.
Hypercholesterolemia is itself an asymptomatic disease but in long run it helps in building up plaques in the walls of arteries causing partial or even complete blockage of the arteries. The blockage or arteries disturbs the constant blood flow process to the heart and this leads to serious heart diseases. Blood supplies to various organs of the body also get disturbed and as a result their performances become poor. For example, insufficient blood supply to brain may cause loss of vision, unusual and extreme weakness and even paralysis generally on one side of body.
Hypercholesterolemia is generally caused by the combined impact of environmental and genetic factors. Environmental factors include dietary habits and obesity. Some of the additional factors that may lead to Hypercholesterolemia are – heavy consumption of alcohol, type 2 diabetes, dialysis, nervosa, obstructive jaundice etc.
To control the cholesterol levels in blood it is very necessary to lead a controlled life style. Controlled life style means a full stop on smoking, limited alcohol consumption, having healthy diet with a very low amount of saturated fats, daily physical activities, keeping a proper body weight and sufficient sleeping. Having a healthy diet can reduce the high cholesterol levels in blood by up to 15 per cent. Besides these proper medication under doctorial opinion is also recommended.