Angina is a chest ache, uneasiness or tension that crops up when a part of the heart muscle is getting declining blood oxygen supply. Actually it is not an illness itself. To a certain extent it is an indication of coronary artery disease which is a very general type of heart disease. The want for oxygen rich blood to the heart is normally an effect of narrower coronary arteries due to enlargement of plaque, a situation which is called atherosclerosis. Thin arteries enlarge the risk of pain, coronary artery disease, heart attack, and death.
Causes of angina:-
Angina is very commonly the effect of primary coronary artery ailment. The coronary arteries provide the heart with oxygen rich blood. When cholesterol accumulates on the artery wall and hard plaques form, the artery gets thinner. It becomes gradually more complicated for oxygen rich blood to reach the heart muscle due to the reason that the arteries become very thin. Further, injury to the arteries from other aspects (namely sugar in the blood or high levels of flab and smoking) is the reason for accumulation of plaque where the arteries are injured. These plaques restrict the arteries or may separate and develop blood clots that obstruct the arteries.
Symptoms of angina:-
The signs of angina comprise of:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Pain in your arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back accompanying chest pain
Steady angina is the very general type of angina and usually crops up with actions and move with rest. One should consult a doctor to detect the reason of chest pain and get correct treatment in case the chest pain is a new sign. One should look for instantly medical treatment if one’s steady angina gets bad in a higher degree or changes.