Anal cancer appears in the anus which is close to the gastrointestinal area. It is quite distinct from colorectal cancer, a very general cancer. Right from the origin, risk factors, clinical sequence and various phases of treatment, anal cancer is quite dissimilar from colorectal cancer. Anal cancer is a tumour which is formed by the unusual and unrestrained development of cells in the anus
Symptoms of anal cancer:-
- Rectal bleeding – the patient may notice blood on feces or toilet paper.
- Pain in the anal area.
- Mucus discharge from the anus.
- Anal itching
- Jelly-like discharge from the anus.
- Anal itching
- Change in bowel movements. This may include diarrhoea, constipation, or thinning of stools.
- Women may experience vaginal dryness.
- Faecal incontinence (problems controlling bowel movements).
- Women may experience lower back pain as the tumour exerts pressure on the vagina.
- Lumps around the anus. These are frequently mistaken for piles (haemorrhoids).
Causes of anal cancer:-
Specialists are not confident about the reasons of anal cancer. The undernoted probabilities are believed to be the risk factors:
- HPV (human papilloma virus) – Some sorts of HPV are directly related to anal cancer. About 80% of patients with anal cancer are tainted in the anal area with a HPV.
- Other cancers – Women suffering from vaginal or cervical cancer and men having penile cancer are at a higher threat of growing anal cancer. This is also related to HPV infection.
- Age – The grown up persons possess more threat of maturing anal cancer. Actually this is the instance with most cancer.
- A weak immune system – People with poor resistance system possess higher threat of growing anal cancer. Patients suffering from HIV/AIDS have had transplants and are taking immunosuppressant medications.
- Smoking – Smokers are radically possess the threat of anal cancer in comparison to non-smokers.