Anal Cancer- Symptoms & Causes

Anal cancer appears in the anus which is close to the gastrointestinal area. It is quite distinct from colorectal cancer, a very general cancer. Right from the origin, risk factors, clinical sequence and various phases of treatment, anal cancer is quite dissimilar from colorectal cancer. Anal cancer is a tumour which is formed by the unusual and unrestrained development of cells in the anus



Symptoms of anal cancer:-

  • Rectal bleeding – the patient may notice blood on feces or toilet paper.
  • Pain in the anal area.
  • Mucus discharge from the anus.
  • Anal itching
  • Jelly-like discharge from the anus.
  • Anal itching
  • Change in bowel movements. This may include diarrhoea, constipation, or thinning of stools.
  • Women may experience vaginal dryness.
  • Faecal incontinence (problems controlling bowel movements).
  • Bloating.
  • Women may experience lower back pain as the tumour exerts pressure on the vagina.
  • Lumps around the anus. These are frequently mistaken for piles (haemorrhoids).

Causes of anal cancer:-

Specialists are not confident about the reasons of anal cancer. The undernoted probabilities are believed to be the risk factors:

  • HPV (human papilloma virus) – Some sorts of HPV are directly related to anal cancer. About 80% of patients with anal cancer are tainted in the anal area with a HPV.


  • Other cancers – Women suffering from vaginal or cervical cancer and men having penile cancer are at a higher threat of growing anal cancer. This is also related to HPV infection.


  • Age – The grown up persons possess more threat of maturing anal cancer. Actually this is the instance with most cancer.


  • A weak immune system – People with poor resistance system possess higher threat of growing anal cancer. Patients suffering from HIV/AIDS have had transplants and are taking immunosuppressant medications.


  • Smoking – Smokers are radically possess the threat of anal cancer in comparison to non-smokers.